Enghien-les-Bains - France


A short fifteen-minute train ride north from Paris brings you to the picturesque town of Enghien-Les-Bains, a fashionable resort set around a large lake, complete with fountains and water jets that are illuminated with coloured light by night. A large Casino (the first in France), and thermal complex front onto the lake, where throughout the summer visitors enjoy the water fishing and paddle-boating. The charm of its waterside setting and it’s grand 19th century villas are complemented by a thoroughly modern offering in the Centre des Arts at Enghien-les-Bains, a multidisciplinary arts space dedicated to performing and experimenting with the digital arts. Every other year, Enghien-les-Bains is home to “les Bains Numériques” a festival of the digital and contemporary arts, and there’s the Barrière Enghien Jazz Festival too, along with a cultural season at the Centre des Arts, fusing dance and new technology.

In 1766 Louis Cotte, a priest from Montmorency discovered a “smelly stream” fed by a spring which overflowed from a pond, which is now the Lake of Enghien-les-Bains. In 1772 Louis Guillaume Le Veillard, a Paris pharmacist was granted concessions by the Prince of Condé to establish thermal baths, and by 1821, when the first proper thermal facilities were created by Doctor Péligot the town was thriving, with its water being sold in nearby Paris. The sulphur-rich springs are the basis for the ultra-modern facilities which can be found in Enghien-les-Bains today, specialising particularly in respiratory conditions. There are the Thermal Baths offering a full range of 21st century treatments, and the “Spa Diane Barrière”, a luxurious leisure spa with far-reaching views of the lake and the city of Paris. These combine with the “Soins et Médecine Esthétique Diane Barrière” which brings together medical and cosmetic therapies. Enghien-les-Bains, the only spa in the Ile de France region, is a centre of excellence, with some 160 doctors and 250 other experts.

Historical background

Foundation date or period 1766 :
Discovery of properties of sulphurated water
History of the spa Since 1821, Enghien has been regularly used as a source of sulphurated water. The first of its springs was discovered in 1766 by Louis
Cotte, a priest from the Order of Oratorians. This spring ran into a “smelly stream” emerging under the overflow from the “Montmorenci” pond, the present-day Enghien Lake. At the beginning of the 20th Century, the thermal site comprised around ten springs. Eight of these springs were officially recognised for public use by a decree on 18th July 1865. The origin of the sulphurated waters at Enghien is due to its geological specificities. The waters of the spring – originally superficial – have no direct link with the current lake. They are naturally isolated from it.
During the year 2001, 3 new capture points for the sulphurated water were constructed. This water has natural geological protection and biological self-purification capacities which have contributed to ensuring the survival of the water spring in an urbanised environment.
- Historic and cultural spa heritage In 1772, the Prince of Condé grants concession of the spring for 4 years to a pharmacist of Paris, Louis Guillaume le Vieillard, already owner of the waters of Passy.
In 1799, Condé gives to le Vieillard a new concession for 60 years in order to establish baths. Thermal baths thrive and the water begins to be sold in Paris.
In 1821, the first genuine thermal facilities are created by Péligot, who acquires the use of the Lake. He defines its limits, surrounds it with an avenue and drills ten wells to feed it. He founds a second spring, builds a second tower-tank and forms a new front for the thermal centre that he ends. From then, the building has three wings, perpendicular to the front and which correspond to the three pavilions.
After the recovery of Louis XVIII from a leg ulcer thanks to the Cotte spring - renamed the King’s spring -, Enghien became trendy within the Parisian society

Water sources

Demography 12 250 inhabitants - Spa water composition The most sulphurated waters in France. > carbon dioxide (80 mg/l), > bicarbonates and carbonates (400 mg/l), > calcium (160 à 180 mg/l), > magnesium, > sodium, > sulfates (200 mg/l), > sulphurated hydrogen (36 mg/l), > few quantities of barium and boron [92

Cultural heritage

Cultural Tourism:

Enghien Jazz Festival : end of June beginning of July
Bains Numérique : Enghien-les-Bains is one of the towns agreed for Numeric Arts Festival every 2 years.
Les Respirations d’Enghien : colloquiums dealing with the quality of the water and the air, each October
The Casino Theater : season from September to the end of June

Congress Tourism:
Enghien-les-Bains is member of France Congrès with possibility to organize congress for about 500 persons ; 3 centers conferences for respectively 700, 400 and 300 seats. Many works rooms and cocktail and reception for 1000 persons.
The first Casino of France
Hippodrome Enghien -Soisy
Discovery monuments around Enghien-les Bains

Spa and treatments

Enghien-les-Bains' remarkable sulphurated calcic waters contain decongesting, anti-allergic and bacteriostatic properties, allowing a 21-day thermal treatment program (including 18 days of treatment) which has been approved by the Social Security in its recommendations for the treatment of Respiratory / ENT diseases. Open treatment or mini treatment programs are also offered. These treatment programs last 6 to 10 days and are either preventative or taken as additional therapy. Smoking cessation, voice problems, oral infections of the mucous membrane, and so on - these mini treatment programs are used as a preventive measure or as a complement to an individual existing therapy, as well as traditional treatment within the State health service. They are not reimbursed by the Social Security.

Spa beauty products
Massages and modellings, relaxing, slimming coaching and anti-ageing coaching, anti-stress, access to the steam room, saunas, fitness and cardio-training room.

Facts and figures

Arrivals (2010) - Tourist attendance

5 million visitors per year
Medium stay length:
Leisure tourism : 2 nights
Business tourism : 2 nights
Thermal cures : 20 nights
Given the proximity with Paris (7 miles), most of the spa clients come from the suburb of Paris. Therefore, they go back home after their daily care.
Accomodation capacity (number of hotels, total number of beds and hotel)
2 x Hotels 4* : 180 rooms
2 x hotels 2* : 76 rooms
1 x hotel 1* : 98 rooms



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