Daruvar - Croatia

Introduction

Daruvar Spa is built on the springs of Daruvar – directly above the healing thermal water and mineral mud, which have been in use since the 2nd Century BC when the Illyrian tribe of Iasi settled around the springs, and used them for medical cures. Over the years, Roman soldiers, Turkish beys (chieftans), Austro-Hungarian aristocracy as well as artisans and the middle classes have appreciated the healing qualities of Daruvar’s waters .The Daruvar Spa, which includes many historic baths and villas, is set within the beautiful landscaped Spa park - Julije’s Park - in the heart of Daruvar, a perfect setting for recovery or relaxation.

At the heart of the spa, built on Roman foundations and the former Ana's bath is the Central Mud Bath, built in 1909 in a Moorish style. Recently restored to its former glory, the Central Mud Bath, with its octagonal cupula is the symbol of the town. Daruvar, the “iron spa” has been treating infertility in women for over two thousand years, and is also renowned for medical rehabilitation after accidents or illness, and the treatment of rheumatic diseases. In recent years it has become popular with world-class athletes, in preparing for or recovering from sporting events. As well as medical treatment programmes, the spa offers wellness and relaxation, plenty of accommodation and many indoor and outdoor activities, both sporting and cultural for visitors – including many festivals with unusual themes!

Set in the heart of wine-growing country, Daruvar is a centre for gastromony, and wine, with a Daruvar wine route, which includes wine tasting: Graševina, Rhine Riesling, Chardonnay and Sauvignon, and is also home to Croatia’s oldest brewery, specialising in Czech beer-making methods (perhaps a reflection of the ancient Czech population in Daruvar, and its multi-ethnic nature today).

Historical background

The town ofDaruvar is a settlement with a long urban history and tradition -  it has been a town for two thousand years, and its urban core has changed to meet the needs of different historical periods. The oldest known settlement, situated beside healing geothermal resources, in the area of Daruvar, dates from the 4th century BC, although archaeological findings shows that these areas were inhabited in the Stone Age. Through history and today Daruvar's importance is because of the undeniable merit of geothermal springs, whose healing properties have been known since the beginning of existence of  life in this region.

The  Pannonian - a Celtic tribe dwelt here in Roman times,- Greek and Roman writers called  them Iasi, meaning “Topličani'' 'or''Healers'' and all because of the many geothermal springs with healing properties. The Romans established a settlement called Aquae Balissae meaning ''very strong springs'', ie the current Daruvar. The Croats settled this area after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and founded the village Probatica later Podborje. In the 18th century, after the count Antun Janković bought Podborje, built a castle and called it Daruvar, the name Podborje started to vanish, so they called the settlement Daruvar.

HISTORY OF THE SPA, HISTORIC AND CULTURAL SPA HERITAGE
In this area we  have taken care of people's health for almost two millennia. From the very beginning, in the Roman, Turkish or civil baths, there was always a realisation that this place is a nature's blessing. Tourism has been developed thanks to the preserved natural environment and an optimum combination of natural healing factors and the most advanced procedures in treating rheumatic diseases, medical rehabilitation and sports and recreation. In this spa town, with it's ancient name Aquae Balissae ,the first source of healing water was built in 288 BC, with it's temperature averaging 46.7 degrees Celsius. Written information about the thermal water springs in today's Daruvar area came from the 2nd century of the Roman Empire. The ancient name Aquae Balissae (meaning „strong springs“) and visits of the great Roman emperors from Hadrian (117.-138.), Commodus (180.-192.) to Constantine the Great (305.-307.) show clearly, why the resort was built right here, and later became the administrative centre of the Pannonian-Celtic tribe Iassa (Topličana). Positive and beneficial effects of thermal water the Romans attributed to the power of their deities, Silvanus, Diana and Sol whom they have vowed to preserve their health. In the writings of the time, it is evident that they had already used hot, warm and cold baths and special rooms for massage and sweating. There were also more common and public pools that were used mainly by soldiers for rest and recuperation. Roman soldiers, medieval lords, Turkish Begs, Austro-Hungarian aristocrats and artisans and the bourgeoisie at the beginning of the century appreciated the benefits of this region, leaving numerous material evidence. Daruvar spa was developed on the ruins of the Roman settlement Aquae Balissae and comprises historical buildings of valuable natural and monumental heritage. Decorating and building thermal water springs, construction of new pools and then the buildings begins with local nobleman, Count Antun Janković in 1765., after he received the estate from Queen Maria Theresa (Antun's bath from 1772., Swiss Villa from 1860., Arcadia from 1870., Central mud baths from 1909., surrounded by a large cultivated park of horticultural and monumental value). It is because of its natural features that Daruvar developed a special form of health tourism recognizable in Croatia and even beyond.

Water sources

SPA WATER COMPOSITION
The basic natural healing factors in Daruvar Spa are thermal mineral water and mineral mud. In the first half of the 20th century two mineral and three muddy mineral thermal springs were used for bathing and healing treatments. Healing water in Daruvar is vadose and indifferent (acratotherme) in origin, with mineralization below 1g/lit. It exists in the pore spaces of a rock or soil, between the ground surface and the water table and contains only a small quantity of saline matter. Daruvar thermal baths are located in the Toplica river valley, between the western slope of Papuk ranges and „Ilova depression“. The occurrence of thermal water is determined by the geology and tectonic relationships in these areas. The area close to the thermal springs consists of upper Triastic, Badenian, Sarmatian, Pannonian and Quaternary sediments. Thermal water flows out of Triassic limestones and dolomites which are covered with 6 to 13 meters thick alluvial sediments. Chemical composition of the sources is almost identical, but the temperature varies. There are several sources that are different in temperature, ranging from 39.2 to 47.7, average 46.7 degrees Celsius. According to the International Classification it is calciumhydrocarbonated water. Chemical analysis shows that calcium and magnesium are predominant in cation, and hydrocarbons of anion group. Radioactivity of the water is low and decreases with the heat source. The capacities of today's sources are about 30 litters per second. In the area of Daruvar sources of healing water have been cherished for almost two centuries and the water is used to treat various diseases. Near the water sources peloid (fango, mineral mud) is found. It consists of azure blue clay mixed with tiny grains of quartz sand, an as which is volcanic in origin, and other organic and inorganic compounds. It is used in healing mud baths.

Spa and treatments

SPA TREATMENTS
The "World of Wellness" in Daruvar spa is an additional facility to lifestyle and health maintenance using natural healing factors. In an area of 1800 square meters, there are two indoor and outdoor swimming pools and wellness-spa programs. There is also a a cabinet for medical isokinetic diagnostics and device for analysis of body mass composition. Daruvar spa also offer individual consultations with a nutritionist about your nutrition in order to maintain your health. Daruvar spa is specialized in the treatment of rheumatic diseases, medical rehabilitation and in assisted treatment of infertility by natural healing factors, and have very long tradition in application of natural healing thermal water and mineral mud on the human body. Except thermal water (46.6 degrees Celsius) of acratotherme group, mineral mud – fango (peloid) is also used. With its natural healing factors, modern medical equipment and methods of physical therapy, Daruvar spa is today among the leading institutions of this type in Croatia. In addition to the programs of health maintenance (Small, Medium and Large packages of health), very soon we will have a program – Joy of life – program of assisted treatment of infertility by natural healing factors. Small package of health: 3 therapies (hydrotherapy, thermo wraps and 1 electrotherapy), first and final physician review, swimming pool.Medium package of health: 5 therapies (hydrotherapy, warm compresses, partial massage, 2 electro therapies), first and final physician review, swimming pool. Large package of health : first and final medical examination, medical advice, treatment according to the doctor's opinion, laboratory diagnosis, if necessary. Medical treatment of athletes: first and final medical examination, initial and final diagnosis, hydrotherapy, kinesiotherapy, 2 electro therapies). -possible use of fitness studio, indoor and outdoor pools with hot thermal water, gym, bowling alley, sauna, massages, whirlpool, sports court for tennis, mini golf, paved multi purpose court for sports, wavy trim trail, football field, volleyball, biking trails. Medically programmed active vacation: the need of modern man is to improve and maintain his health in more effective way. This program is a base for achievement, in a relatively short period, of considerable changes in functional and motor abilities of the main organ systems that are at a time in connection with man's general working ability. It is for this reason that many responsible employers attach importance to health of employees and improvement of their working abilities. - includes: accommodation in Daruvar spa resort, first and final medical examination, ECG, ergometry, spirometry, anthropometry, preventive health program with the use of all sports and recreational facilities and physio prophylax (tennis, fitness, gym, bowling alley, sauna, massage, hydromassage), physical therapy recommended by a medical specialist, indoor and outdoor pools with thermal water, organized musical evenings, lectures. Team building and well-team programs: Our team building programs are based on improvement of communication and development of mutual trust and healthy team spirit. By these entertaining and attractively designed programs, you will get the best from your team. We shall go together to the mountains, find a treasure with orienteering team, have fun with the Ancient sports Olympics, enjoy walks, trips, wine tastings and picnic in the country, you can try your hand at paintball or horseback riding or relax in the wellness – spa oasis. Nutrition program: Through weight loss programs, counseling on proper nutrition as a necessary source of energy, our team guarantees results through which we will prepare your body for continued proper pathway. Includes: -consultation and evaluation of food habits by questionnaire (30 minutes), diagnostics and analysis of the composition of body weight on the professional device GAIA 359 plus, the whole package of healthy weight loss program, creating individual caloric menus, programming dietotherapy (diabetes, digestive system diseases, cardiovascular diseases and other programs to suit your needs), meals for children, pregnant women, nursing mothers, and older age, food program for professional athletes.

 

SPA BEAUTY PRODUCTS
World of wellness in Daruvar spa is additional facility to lifestyle and health maintenance using natural healing factors. On the area of 1800 square meters, there are two indoor and outdoor swimming pools and wellness-spa programs. There is also a a cabinet for medical isokinetic diagnostics and device for analysis of body mass composition. Daruvar spa also offer individual consultations with a nutritionist about your nutrition in order to maintain your health. Daruvar spa is specialized in the treatment of rheumatic diseases, medical rehabilitation and in assisted treatment of infertility by natural healing factors, and have very long tradition in application of natural healing thermal water and mineral mud on the human body. Except thermal water (46,6 degrees Celsius) of acratotherme group, mineral mud – fango (peloid) is also used. With its natural healing factors, modern medical equipment and methods of physical therapy, Daruvar spa is today among the leading institutions of this type in Croatia. In addition to the programs of health maintenance (Small, Medium and Large packages of health), very soon we will have a program – Joy of life – program of assisted treatment of infertility by natural healing factors. Small package of health: 3 therapies (hydrotherapy, thermo wraps and 1 electrotherapy), first and final physician review, swimming pool.Medium package of health: 5 therapies (hydrotherapy, warm compresses, partial massage, 2 electro therapies), first and final physician review, swimming pool. Large package of health : first and final medical examination, medical advice, treatment according to the doctor's opinion, laboratory diagnosis, if necessary. Medical treatment of athletes: first and final medical examination, initial and final diagnosis, hydrotherapy, kinesiotherapy, 2 electro therapies). -possible use of fitness studio, indoor and outdoor pools with hot thermal water, gym, bowling alley, sauna, massages, whirlpool, sports court for tennis, mini golf, paved multi purpose court for sports, wavy trim trail, football field, volleyball, biking trails. Medically programmed active vacation: the need of modern man is to improve and maintain his health in more effective way. This program is a base for achievement, in a relatively short period, of considerable changes in functional and motor abilities of the main organ systems that are at a time in connection with man's general working ability. It is for this reason that many responsible employers attach importance to health of employees and improvement of their working abilities. - includes: accommodation in Daruvar spa resort, first and final medical examination, ECG, ergometry, spirometry, anthropometry, preventive health program with the use of all sports and recreational facilities and physio prophylax (tennis, fitness, gym, bowling alley, sauna, massage, hydromassage), physical therapy recommended by a medical specialist, indoor and outdoor pools with thermal water, organized musical evenings, lectures. Team building and well-team programs: Our team building programs are based on improvement of communication and development of mutual trust and healthy team spirit. By these entertaining and attractively designed programs, you will get the best from your team. We shall go together to the mountains, find a treasure with orienteering team, have fun with the Ancient sports Olympics, enjoy walks, trips, wine tastings and picnic in the country, you can try your hand at paintball or horseback riding or relax in the wellness – spa oasis. Nutrition program: Through weight loss programs, counseling on proper nutrition as a necessary source of energy, our team guarantees results through which we will prepare your body for continued proper pathway. Includes: -consultation and evaluation of food habits by questionnaire (30 minutes), diagnostics and analysis of the composition of body weight on the professional device GAIA 359 plus, the whole package of healthy weight loss program, creating individual caloric menus, programming dietotherapy (diabetes, digestive system diseases, cardiovascular diseases and other programs to suit your needs), meals for children, pregnant women, nursing mothers, and older age, food program for professional athlets.

SPA BEAUTY PRODUCTS
Facial care (each 60 minutes): medic skin, golden caviar, sensitive collagen. Wellness spa programs: 1.Body relax (90 min): Warm oils aroma massage, algae facial, hand fango – medicinal mud wrap. 2.”Milk and honey” treatment (90 min)- skin firming and care: sugar peeling, milk and honey mask, thermo blanket, firming and rejuvenating cream. 3.Aroma-algae (90 min) – anticellulite, detox treatment: sugar peeling, aroma-algae mask, thermo blanket, firming and rejuvenating cream.4. Aroma treatment (90 min) : Essential oils massage (45min), infra red sauna (30 min). 5.Relaxing treatment for back (90 min): Back peeling + fango-medicinal mud (45 min), back massage (30 min). 6.”Ritual spices” treatment (90 min): Peeling with spices (cinnamon, cloves, anise, Pepper), warm oils relaxing massage, body mask, thermo blanket. 7.Oil and salt body detox (90 min): Natural oils massage + salt, thermo blanket (30 min). 8.Chocolate treatment (90 min): Whole body peeling, chocolate massage, thermo blanket, velvet touch – cocoa butter. 9.Mediterranean relax – anticellulite treatment (90 min): Whole body peeling, olive oil + honey + basil + cinnamon essential oil, thermo blanket, olive oil massage. 10. Fango-medicinal mud treatment (90 min): Whole body peeling, mineral mud wraps, thermo blanket, sweet orange lotion. -Facial massage (20 min) -Partial lymphatic drainage (30 min) : Improves lymphatic circulation and eliminates toxins. This is a gentle form of massage that follows the natural flow of lymph. It is recommended for the treatment of edema and the accumulation of excess fluid. It is used in combination with anti-cellulite treatments. -Massage (30 min) -Massage (45 min): Aroma massage, antistress massage (head, back and feet), sports massage, medical massage. -Hot stone (volcanic rocks) treatment (60 min) -Jacuzzi (30 min): With a gentle relaxing massage in thermal water. -Turkish sauna – steam bath (60 min): provides relaxation and comfort. Heat and steam helps blood circulation and lymph flow, and in the process of sweating toxins are released, and the detoxification of the body begins. -Finnish sauna (60 min): On the pleasant temperatures and the scent of essential oils, both mind and body relaxes and life force renews. It increases physical and mental resilience. -Infrared sauna (60 min): It has a very salutary effect, with temperatures around 50 degrees and dry air. Infrared rays penetrate into the subcutaneous tissue and relax muscles and boost immunity. -Spa oasis (120 min): Jacuzzi,Finnish sauna, steambath, infra red sauna. -Solarium Mary's mud bath: fitness workout, solarium, fango-medicinal mud, SPA OASIS ( jacuzzi, Finnish sauna, infra red sauna, steam bath), tropical rain, consumption of fruit and teas, aroma massage, swimming pool. Relax program (for her) : fitness workout, solarium, HOT STONE treatment (volcanic rocks massage), SPA OASIS ( jacuzzi, Finnish sauna, infra red sauna, steam bath) , consumption of fruit and teas, swimming pool. Relax program (for him): fitness workout, solarium, antistress full body massage, HOT STONE treatment (volcanic rocks massage), SPA OASIS ( jacuzzi, Finnish sauna, infra red sauna, steam bath) , consumption of fruit and teas, swimming pool. Chocolate fantasy: fitness workout, rice flakes body peeling, chocolate massage, chocolate facial, tropical rain, SPA OASIS ( jacuzzi, Finnish sauna, infra red sauna, steam bath) , consumption of fruit and teas, swimming pool. Beauty of touch: SPA OASIS ( jacuzzi, Finnish sauna, infra red sauna, steam bath), tropical rain, consumption of fruit and teas, swimming pool, RITUAL SPICES treatment( spice body peeling – juniper, mint, rosemary, lavender), warm oils relaxing massage, body mask, thermal blanket or facial. Wellness harmony program: one type of massage, jacuzzi, sauna, steam bath, aromatherapy, solarium, fitness workout, swimming pool. Wellness beauty program: jacuzzi, sauna, steam bath, aromatherapy, solarium, swimming pool

Cultural events and activities

DARUVAR'S VINEYARDS Good wine connoisseurs know that Daruvar is known for its excellent varieties of grapes and quality wines. Vineyard farming in this area has a centuries-old tradition and rich history, because the gentle, sunny slopes of Papuk provide the ideal conditions for grape growing and winemaking. That Daruvar is known for its wine testifies Diatret glass goblet for wine – an imperial crown cup named "Vas diatretum Daruvarense" which was found in 1789 in Roman forest. Daruvar's wine road is consisted of seven different points and starts from the town center, with its shape and purpose connects remotest points of the town.

 

CULTURAL EVENTS Daruvar is well known wine-growing region and traditionally, every year, are held wine festivals. In Janury there is a celebration of the day of saint Vincent, folk custom Vincekovo, in June is held Vinodar – International wine exhibit of Bjelovar – bilogora County, the most famous and the most significant event of Daruvar and its vintners. The last wine festival of the year is a celebration of the saint Martin's day, then the wine is baptized and everyone enjoy in young wine. Daruvar, as a multicultural town, it's the center of the Czechs in Croatia and in this region every other year is held Dožinky – harvest ceremony. The youngest population traditionally enjoy in the theatre festival "Maska", amateur singers in the music festival "Darfest" and if You want to see and learn how to prepare home-made beverages and desserts from plums surely You will visit the unique agri-cultural-touristic festival "Days of plums" in Sirač.

Facts and figures

DEMOGRAPHY
Daruvar has a diverse population of the ethnic structure, which dates from the 16 th century when this area was inhabited by Serbs and Turks, and from the 18 th century when the dinasty of counts Janković settled, on their land, farmers and craftmen from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany and Slovakia. Daruvar and its surroundings have since then evolved as an area with a high level of multiculturism and cultural tolerance, which makes it unique in all Croatia. According to the census from 2001 Daruvar has 13.243 inhabitants, of whom 6.272 are men and 6.971 women. Also, according to the nationality, in Daruvar live Croats (7.729), followed by Czechs (2.504), Serbs (1.863), Hungarians (139) and others (1.008).

  

BRIEF REPORT ON THE TOURIST FLOW IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS Tourists (domestic and foreign) visit the area Daruvar – Papuk mainly for health recovery (rehabilitation) in Daruvar spa and to visit events, Daruvar wine road, hunting, fishing and other activities. Tourist traffic in the area Daruvar – Papuk, during the last period, has a long-term trend of steady growth (from 2002 until 2008) and two short sharp downturn trends (from 2000 until 2002, and from 2008 until 2010). The largest volume of tourist demand was registered in 2008 with 7.760 tourist arrivals (52,5 % of the total number of tourist arrivals in the Bjelovar – bilogora County) and 22.064 overnight stays (60,7% of the total number of overnight stays in Bjelovar – bilogora County), slightly more then in 2000. Powerful falls of tourist traffic during the last two years are as a result of the economic crisis and associated smaller number of touristtrips (to a lesser extent), but also because Daruvar spa reduced capacity for the commercial guests (most part).

 

 
OTHER FORMS OF COMPLEMENTARY TOURISM SWIMMING IN THERMAL WATER PARK "AQUAE BALISSAE" In June 2008, only 300 meters from town center, it's open Thermal water park "Aquae balissae", a water oasis in the best decorated small town in continental Croatia that extends to 10.000 m2 of which 2.200 m2 of water surface. It uses only geothermal water with the average temperature of 32 Celsius degrees in the pools. Throughout the year at Your disposal there are indoor swimming pool with four 25-metre swimming lanes, slide, whirlpool and during the summer months various water atractions, as well as "Slow river" long 220 meters. Precious pleasures of relaxation You will find in the "Oasis of Peace" and spend time in various saunas, massages and relaxation area to forget everyday stress.
 

RURAL TOURISM We offer You a return to the rael values of preserved nature, healthy food and a friendly welcome. From the steep and high slopes of Papuk, murmur of the water, to the meadows and the gentle fields and vineyards that conceals the quiet and peace, You can enyoj with family and friends. Far from the daily bustle, in peace, rural tourism meets the expectations for younger ones and older people through all seasons. On the family estates, where each one is decorated in the different way – from the estate which is decorated in a style of Slavonian vintners, then the estate located within the canyon and river valley "Toplica", to the estate which offers to the wine lovers an opportunity for tasting in a pleasant courtyard setting, the family diary which for many years is engaged in the production of cheese-theyall provide, beside the organization of dinner, lunch or wine and cheese tasting, experience of enjoying the nature and the true values. 

 

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