Fiuggi - Italy

Introduction

When Italian Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti encouraged the development of two thermal complexes in one of his favourite places, Anticoli di Campagne early in the 20th century, he was building on a tradition which had started with the Romans, and continued through the centuries, treating famous historic characters such as Pope Boniface VIII. Michaelangelo, was said to have described Fiuggi water as “the water which breaks the stone”, as it cured him of what he said was “the only kind of stone I couldn’t love” – the ones in his kidneys. Built in a verdant valley in the hills due east of Rome, the town had enjoyed a resurgence of visitors in the 19th Century, as the healing qualities of the waters became better known, and 2011 by Royal decree, Anticoli was renamed Fiuggi, after the ferns which grew in the surrounding woods (“fiuci” in local dialect).
Fiuggi’s thermal complex consists of two thermal springs, the Boniface VIII, commonly drunk in the morning, before eating and the Anticolana, more usually drunk in the afternoon. The imposing Art-Nouveau entrance to the Bonface VIII park is all that remains of establishment built in 1911 in elegant Liberty Style. It was rebuilt in concrete in the 1960s in a contrast to the lush vegetation of the park, which lies in a long wooded valley laid out with walking trails and peppered with drinking fountains. The Anticolana spring was built in the 1920s and sits in landscaped gardens with more fountains, tennis and bowls courts, and a theatre. Fiuggi water is bottled locally and well-known throughout Italy. It’s miraculous effects include dissolving kidney stones and relieving urinary problems. It is also sometimes referred to as “liquid viagra”!
The Medieval hill town in upper Fiuggi has more of a medieval feel, and is where the imposing theatre, previously a hotel and the town hall, overlooks the charming market place. Cultural events include the famous Fiuggi Family Film Festival, and an annual Guitar Festival.

Historical background

Foundation of the town:

Originally Felcia, later Anticoli di Campagna, the village was originally a Roman “Castro”(fortress) on top of a rocky hill. Anticoli, later part of the Roman Duchy, resisted the Longobard invasion. In 1870 Anticoli became part of the Reign of Italy. In the XIX century, the rediscovery of the healing powers of the waters stimulated the tourist growth of the City, with the building of many hotels and with the arrival of the Italian Royal family. At the beginning of 1900, Giovanni Giolitti, Prime Minister who was really fond of Anticoli di Campagna, gave a fundamental impulse to establishments’ evolution. In 1911, by royal decree, Anticoli was renamed Fiuggi, after the ferns in the surronding woods (in local dialect the “FIUCI”)

 

History of the spa:
In Fiuggi there are two hydrothermal complexes: “Fonte Bonifacio VIII” and “Fonte Anticolana” run by a private company (Terme di Fiuggi SPA & Golf).
Fiuggi’s water was already well known by Romans; in 77 AC, Pliny the Elder wrote in his Naturalis Historia: “Fiugi inter collium Ernicorum aquam saluberrimam...”. Recently, five big tanks of Republican Age were discovered close to Anticolana Spring, starting an excavation’s campaign which will set free a buried roman theatre too.
On ancient Vatican manuscripts, dating back to the fourteenth century, there were expenses recorded for 187 consignments of “anticolae” water (until 1911 the medieval borough was named Anticoli di Campagna) transported from its source to Rome between 1299 and 1302 by two “cursores” (papal couriers), Messer Ugone and the old master Orlanduccio from Perugia. They brought the miraculous water to Pope Boniface VIII who was suffering with his kidney stones which were known as "malus lapidis”.Michelangelo Buonarroti was tormented with his kidney stones from 1548 to 1549. After just one month of treatment from the Anticoli (Fiuggi) spring, he was able to write to his nephew Leonardo stating that: "... I am much better, I was taken for dead and so I thought." Then, in another letter dated 8th June 1549, he wrote to his nephew Leonardo again: "Regarding my illness... I'm very well. I drank for about two months, morning and evening, from a water fountain which is forty miles from Rome, which breaks the stone, and it broke mine ...." In XIX century, especially after Italy’s unity, the big fame of the thermal water and the closeness to Rome started the development of thermal and tourist activities. At the beginning of 1900, Giovanni Giolitti, Prime Minister who was really fond of Anticoli di Campagna-Fiuggi, gave a fundamental impulse to establishments’ evolution.

Water sources

Spa water composition:

Fiuggi’s water is recognized by the National Sanitary System for the treatment of nephrolithiasis and its relapses. The mineral water is bottled by Sangemini S.p.a.

Spa and treatments

Spa treatments:
The hydrothermal complexes are immersed in the woods of chestnut-trees, oak-trees and pine-trees, and are provided with medical centres for checking-up the hydro-thermal treatment, and have at their disposal modern tools for diagnostic checks. Spa treatments are: idrotherapy for kidney’s diseases, guaranteed by National Health Service; inhalation terapy,curative gymnastics, well-being and beauty treatments in the “Essence” Spa, a recent beauty farm inside the hydro-thermal complexes.
Also 6 high-standard hotels, close to the Springs, have outstanding SPA inside (about 1000 square metres each one).

Cultural events and activities

The cultural season is so rich with many events, concertos and plays, in both the Town and the Anticolana Theatres. Two of most important events in summer are: Fiuggi Family Festival, a week of debates and movies about family, and the Classic Guitar Festival, a series of high quality concertos, made by musicians all over the world.
Art exhibitions and literary reviews take place regularly inside the park of thermal establishments and in the city squares. Visitors to the old town centre can discover the charm of the historic village, with small palaces, houses for craftmen, shepherds and farmers, churches, small squares and alleyways which are just as they were in the sixteenth century. Since the 2nd febrary 1298 in the Main Square, in front of the Town Hall, there has been a tradition to build a large bonfire for “Festa delle Stuzze”, in memory of defence of the village centuries ago.

Facts and figures

Demography: 9831 inhabitants

 

Arrival (2009)

 

Total number of arrivals: 254951
Italian Visitors:  132426
Foreign visitors: 122525

 

Tourist attendance (2009): 786769

Medium stay length (2009): 3 days

Brief report on the tourist flow in the last five years

 

Year Arrivals Attendaces Mediuam stay lenght
2007 265357 900694 3,39
2008

259689

(-2,14%)

855856

(-4,98%)
3,3
2009

254951

(-1,82%)

786769

(-8,08%)
3,09
2010

242421

(-4,91%)

728753

(-7,36%)
3,01Other forms of complementary tourism :

 


Sport – leisure and golf
:

 

Fiuggi is situated at the centre of a verdant valley, that offers to tourists enchanting walking routes in an unspoiled nature close to Lake of Canterno and a cycle path from Fiuggi to Paliano (40 km).
Within a large natural park there is the Golf Club of Fiuggi, a splendid eighteen-holes course and the second most ancient in Italy (1926).
All the year round Fiuggi also offers many activities in its modern sport centre, with Olympic Swimming Pool, Football Field, Athletic Track , ecc.

 

Congress tourism:

In the later years the presence of two Conference Centres, PalaFiuggi and Palaterme, and the some Hotel halls incentivizes many national and local meetings of scientific and religious character and significant cultural events, especially in spring and in autumn, diversifying the tourist flow.

 

enograstromical tourism:

Fiuggi's area is a protected land of taste and genuine flauvors. The foundations of gastronomic tradition are cheese, wine, meat and home-made pastas. Examples of Culinary specialties are the “Sagne”,a kind of pasta, just made by flour and water, and the “Amaretti”, delicious almonds cookies. In the nearby territory a special DOC wine is produced: Cesanese, a red ruby, dry wine. Recently, in order to develop the wine route, called “Cesanese Street”, a characteristic old tramcar drives tourists in a historical and delicious tour across the Ciociarian Hills.

 

 

Accomodation capacity (number of hotels, total number of beds and hotel classification (stars):

Classification (stars) Number of hotels Number of beds
5 stars 1 296
4 stars 14 1354
3 stars 97 5956
2 stars 23 761
1 star 14 299
Total 149 866

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