Bursa - Turkey

Introduction

Bursa was established in the Southern Marmara Region in 185 B.C. as a dedication to Bithynia King Prissias the 1st, and the name Prusias changed into Prusa at first and later on, into Bursa throughout time. Annexed into the Ottoman land by Sultan Orhan in 1326 subsequent to Bithynia, Roman and Byzantine periods, Bursa became the capital of Ottoman State and one of the most important centers of the world in terms of silk and spice between the years of 1326-1453.

 

As the first representative (mayor) of Rome, Young Plinus mentioned the healing and relaxing effects of thermal water resources in Bursa on the letter he wrote to the center of the Empire. Çekirge which was named as Pytnthia was converted into a summer vacation city in the Byzantine (Eastern Byzantine) period
In 5th century, Emperor Justinianos used to spend several months at baths and palaces he had constructed in Çekirge. It is known that Byzantium Empress Thedora came Çekirge in 520s and utilized healing thermal waters and owed her beauty to these springs. That is why Çekirge thermal springs are known as Thedore 



Historical background

Thermal Springs.
In the Ottoman period, the baths remaining from the Byzantium period were repaired and the new thermal springs were constructed
Historic and cultural spa heritage
Kükürtlü Hot Springs, the men’s section of which was built under the command of Murad I in 1380s and the women’s section of which was added under the command of Bayezıt II in 1490s, Kara Mustafa Turkish Bath which was built under the command of Kara Mustafa Pasha that was the grandchild of Hamza Bey and the son-in-law of Bayezıd II in 1490, Yeni Kaplıca (Hot Spring) which was built under the command of Rüstem Pasha, the Grand Vizier of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman, in 1552 and Kaynarca Turkish Bath which was determined to be built after 1680 are located in this region.

Water sources

Spa water composition: There are two geothermal areas in the city center:
1- Çekirge : Vakıfbahçe Thermal Spring Source (46°C)
Zeyninine Thermal Spring Source (40ºc)
2- Kükürtlü : Horhor Thermal Spring Source (40ºc)
Oylat Thermal Spring Sources (40ºC)
3. There are two hotspring water sources classified as Thermomineral. There is still 500 lt/s usable hot water in Bursa.
Kaynarca Thermal Sprıng Sources (82,4ºc)
Karamustafa Thermal Sprıng Sources (57,6ºc)

Spa and treatments

Indications: It can be used during the periods when the chronic symptoms of inflammatory rheumatic diseases are observed under a physician’s care; ; as an after-treatment in non-inflammatory joint disorders such as lower back pain and osteoarthritis as well as in soft tissue disorder for mobilization activities in case of long-term immobility, with the purpose of rehabilitation during the treatment of disorders such as cerebral palsy; as an after-treatment in general stress disorders and sports injuries; as drinking cures for an adjuvant therapy of osteoporosis owing to its content of fluoride.

 

Spa beauty products include Biocosmetics

Facts and figures

  • Demography: Population : 2.655.126 / 4th Bıggest Provınce in Turkey 
  • Arrival (2012) / 386.268
  • Tourist attendance (2012)/ 2.388.989
  • Medium stay length (2012)/ 2.5
  • Brief report on the tourist flow in the last five years

Bursa is in the 10th place countrywide in the ranking in regard to the areas of nature tourism, culture, history and faith tourism as well as thermal and medical tourism. Average duration of overnight stays and total number of arrival in facilities has increased by 79% in the last 4 years.

  • Other forms of complementary tourism

Being the 4th largest city of Turkey, Bursa embodies very significant centers in respect to congress tourism which has gained speed through investments such as Congress Culture Centers, gastro tourism, faith tourism as well as its historical wealth and natural beauties.
NATURE TOURISM
With its individual beauties both in summer and winter, Bursa is a city which entrances people who arrive here for all 4 seasons with Mountain Uludağ which regenerates the blood cells of the visitors who stay here for 20 days, its cool climate, very rich waterfalls and lakes, deep green forests, plateaus, sea, as well as various foods and fruits such as chestnut, peach, fig, strawberry, cherry, pear, which are more delicious than the other etc.
3rd AGE TOURISM
Bursa city experiences and maintains two significant values, namely Cumalıkızık and Hanlar areas which are candidate for UNESCO World Heritage List as well as its capacity in medical tourism with its available facilities and cadre, and world-wide famous winter sports center, Uludağ. .
Bursa, which is literally an open-air museum, bedazzles with the unique cultural richness from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods and has the potential to become the center of attention of the 3rd age group tourists in historical and cultural terms.

 

RELIGIOUS TOURİSM
Bursa is the fourth largest city in Turkey with a population of close to two million (TurkStat, 2011). A former Ottoman capital, Bursa has numerous edifices with significant historical-cultural and religious value. Ulu Camii (The Great Mosque) is the largest mosque in the city built at the end of the 14th Century by Sultan Bayezid I. Another tourist objective which attracts many religious-minded visitors is the Green Mosque (Yeşil Camii) which includes besides the mosque a madrasah, a kitchen for the poor, a public bath and the tombs of the founders. Another site where many tourists go to pray is the complex with the mausoleums of the first two Ottoman Sultans: Osman and Orhan. Bursa has also been an important center for the Turkish Jews. Several synagogues built hundreds of years ago are still in good shape and open for the visitors and worshippers.  Among these are the Geruş Synagogue, the Ets Ahayim Synagogue and the Mayor Synagogue. 
Iznik (old Nicaea), in the province of Bursa was an important center for the Christian faith. Two of the historical church councils were convened here. Of the many churches of Nicaea few have survived. The Church of the Dormition, one of the largest in Anatolia was completely destroyed during  the war between Turkey and Greece (1919-1922) but the Hagia Sophia (Saint Sophia) has been partly restored and can be visited. 

 

YOUTH TOURİSM

The great majority of the population of Turkey belongs to young people; the country provides camp centers and facilities which give tourists and local young people to enjoy an easy holiday. In Turkey, young people are really encourage to travel because it is one of the effective ways to improve and develop their personalities, a chance to visit new places, faces, lives and cultures. Youth tourism in Turkey ensures learning while travelling. 
The public and private sectors undertake necessary actions that provide safe, clean, inexpensive recreational areas and resorts for their youth to be able to promote enthusiastic participation of the young to tourism.
There are various organizations which aim to facilitate temporary accommodations for local and foreign young people.

Youth Camps in Bursa District  In the district of Gemlik are the Youth and Scouting Camps of Hasanağa and Kırcaali which are run by the Provincial Sports Administration. The each of 175 beds and in the summer offer camping opportunities to young people from around the country who can choose to stay here during one of the four 10-day session. In addition, the Gölcük Camping Grounds inside Uludağ National Park have camping activities for students and scouts. The shores of Lake Iznik and Uluabat also make good camping areas. There are sailing, swimming, surfing and camping classes open to people of all nationalities. 
  
Sarialan Forest Camp
Location: Uludag National Park 
Facilities: Bathrooms, toilets, showers, food stand, water,electricity.
Electricity: for motor home and tents: Charged per amount used. 
Open: 1 June-01 September 

Çobankaya Forest Camp  
Location: Uludag National Park 
Facilities: Children's playground, bathrooms, toilets, showers, food stand, water and electricity. 
Open: 1 June-01 September     

  • Accomodation capacity (number of hotels, total number of beds and hotel calssification (stars)
  • 198 hotels
  • 18329 beds
  • 5*hotels:7, 4 *hotels:14, 3* hotels: 23, 2*hotels:7, other: 147

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