Krinides-Kavala - Greece

Introduction

Krinides Mud baths are located 16 km away from the city of Kavala and next to the archaeological site of Philippi. The modern baths are situated in the valley of Krinides, 2 km from the ancient Agora where the first bathing installations were built, and consist of the clay treatment pool which is divided in two with a male and female side, the healing water showers, the post-byzantine hamam and the massage area.

Historical background

The area of Krinides was well known from the era of the early Macedonian Kings for its fertile soil and thermal water. In 356 BC Greek Macedonian King Phillip II seized, fortified and renamed the city to Philippi. That was the first historical point for the baths. The ancient theatre and the acropolis were built at that time. The second turning point for the baths started in 42 BC after the Battle of Philippi. The Romans inhabited the area and developed it into the biggest urban centre of the area. The Agora (commercial forum) was expanded and the first organized hot baths were built. The third major part of the baths history began in 50 AC when Saint Paul the Apostle visited the area and baptized Lydia in Zygaktis River. The first European Christian church was built at the site and was named after her. The last turning point dates back to the early 1980’s when the modern installations were built next to the abandoned post byzantine hamam. In 2010 a major refurbishment and modernization of the whole installation began and is expected to be complete in 2018.

Water sources

Water composition

The warm water of the natural resource of Krinides was declared as healing and characterized as “Hypothermal, Hypotonic, and Healing Water of Krinides”.

Characteristics:

Temperature: 28o Celsius

Ph: 7.5

Conductivity: 315mS/cm

Dominant chemical elements: Ca, Mg, HCO3

Clay composition

The natural resource was declared healing and characterized as “Turfic Organic Therapeutic Clay of Krinides”.

Characteristics:

Temperature in natural reservoir: 27o Celsius

Ph: 7.3

Conductivity: 720mS/cm

Dominant minerals: Montmorillonite, Kaolinite, Muscovite

Spa and treatments

A full therapy cycle lasts for three weeks and typically is conducted once every year. It is possible to undergo two therapy cycles but only following a four months interval between cycles.
The basic treatment begins with a 25 minutes dive in the clay pool and ends in the showers where the clay is removed from the body with healing water.
The hamam offers private hydrotherapy baths of up to 20 minutes long.
Clay compresses are used by those who do not want to dive in the clay pool but want to deal with problems and diseases of certain parts of their body.
Drinking therapy is also very popular amongst visitors.
Special types of massage are conducted on demand such as Thai massage, hot rocks massage, clay massage e.t.c.

The major therapeutic indications of the Mud baths are against skin diseases (acute eczema, psoriasis, icthyosis, juvenile acne, scleroderma, acne rosacea) and musculoskeletal diseases (Inflammatory arthropathy, Degenerative arthropathies, Soft tissue rheumatism).

 

Due to the historic importance of the area (it has been nominated for the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites) all major hotels are located in the city of Kavala. There are only a few small hotels in the surrounding villages and the Mud baths camping site to accommodate visitors who wish to stay next to the Mud baths.

Hotels in Kavala:

AA hotels: 1 (26 rooms)

5 star hotels: 1 (145 rooms)

4 star hotels: 4 (316 rooms)

3 star hotels: 5 (329 rooms)

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