Galaalti - Azerbaijan

Introduction

The Galaalti resort is set in a region which is rich in mineral resources - mineral waters, mud volcanoes and oil can all be found here.  The resort is not far from the fast-growing city of Shabran, formerly known as Devichi (translated from Azerbaijani as "the personwho leads the camel". Situated 122km from Baku, Devichi was once a stopping place for large caravans, but these days the semi desert terrain is home to more "nodding donkeys" (oil derricks) than camels.

There are two historical and archaeological reserves in the region, including the Chyraggala fortress of Devivhi.  The direct translation of "Galaalti" from Azerbaijani means "Under fortress". The Galaalti resort was so-named becase it is situated directly under the fortress of "Chyraggala".

Historical background

The new source of "Naftsu" or 'oil-bearing' water was discovered in 1969, in picturesque woodlands located 20 km from the centre of Shabran, but due to political and economic upheaval in the country, the new resort was not fully developed and open for business until more recently.  The resort of Galaalti was built 1000metres above sea level, in the foothills of the Greater Caucasus mountains.

 

 

Water sources

Naftsu is the only medicinal water in the world with the raised content of organic substances of an
oil origin. Many people the name of Naftsu associate with the resort of Truskavets. However for
many years operation stocks and the maintenance of organic chemistry in the sources of Truskavets
were exhausted. Not all know that along with Truskavets there are also other fields of medicinal
mineral water, for example the resort of Qalaalti in Azerbaijan.
The water from Qalaalti's can be drunk only in the locality because the water doesn't travel or store well (because of existence of  organic substances in suspension). The low-mineralized Qalaalti's
water contains organic substances from 15 to 25 mg/l. Here the ether-soluble organic compounds
like phenols containing hydrocarbons, flying organic acids, humus substances, etc. enter. There are
small amounts of carbonic acids, hydrogen sulfide, chlorine, sodium, potassium, iron, copper in the
water. Qalaalti's water characteristics include the hydrocarbon oxidizing, desulphurization and
thionic microorganisms (about 400 strains) which have impact on qualitative and quantitative
structure of organic substances.

The pure mineralized water of Galaalti consists of organic elements from 15 to 25 mg/l.
phenol type organic elements,
carbohydrates ,
volatile organic acids,
humic substancesуглекислоты,
hydrogen sulfide
chlorine,
sodium,
potassium,
iron,
copper.
Microorganism,
disulphide-making
hydrocarbons oxidizing,
thione microorganisms

Cultural heritage

Devechi district is located to the north of Baku and its eastern border extends along the Caspian coast. The name of the district originates from the word "cameleer"; evidently, it is connected to the development of caravan roads. In ancient times residents of the town would hold camels and people from neighboring regions would come to local markets - not only to buy camels but also to purchase poultry, cattle, butter, milk products, honey, wool (of camels and sheep) and carpets and also to join a caravan or hire a personal cameleer.
Chirag Gala Castle.
Located here in the Early Middles Ages the Chyraggala castle was the second line of the Caspian defense zone. It has been included in the list of historical and cultural monuments of Azerbaijan under the name of Gilgilchai Defensive Structures and is protected by the state. As a part of "Caspian Defensive Structures" it has been nominated by UNESCO for the inclusion in the list of World Legacy Monuments. Archeologists revealed that Gilgilchai Defensive Construction was built in ancient times, before our era, and that it was constantly reinforced and fortified.  The wall originates in the very sea (level of the Caspian Sea varies from year to year) and extends many kilometers, rising to mountains where it terminates with the grand watch tower of Chirag Gala (5th century). The tower is worth ascending to: aside of historical importance, it features an astounding view from the mountain top over the sea and nearby mountains.
Here, between the sea and ridges of the Caucasus Mountains there is a very convenient passage from Azerbaijan tothe north, to other countries. Since ancient times the passage has been named the Caspian Passage. It was used by invaders from neighboring countries and distant lands. They would invade Azerbaijan and ransack Baku ports, sometimes reaching as far as the inland areas of the country. Therefore, the walls served to defend and alarm Absheron (Baku) and further, all borderland regions of the ancient Azerbaijan. The magnitude of the construction and defensive significance of the wall and fortresses (they also secured the approaches to the Great Silk Road) make them a rival of the famous Great Wall in China. However, this object has not been restored yet.
On the road to the Galaalti health resort there is a number of shashlik houses, cafes and small camps a majority of which operate only in summer. Chirag Gala, which means lamp (or light) castle in Azerbaijani is a ruined ancient fortress overlooking the Caspian coastal plains north of Baku in Azerbaijan. Its located on the top of a mountain, in the Guba Forest. It was constructed by the Sassanid Persians in the 5th century, it was used as a defense for the khanate of Quba in the 18th century.

Spa and treatments

Galaalti's sanatorium complex is distinguished from other hotels and sanatorias of Azerbaijan by its modernity and comfort. On the territory of a medical and recreational complex of "Galaalti" is located modern Medical-SPA the “CHIRAG” center equipped with the unique equipment. The various improving and all-strengthening programs on offer promote improvement of health and an increase of life expectancy.
On the territory of our unique complex is located the restaurant with a summer terrace, where clients are offered special menus made according to recommendations of the dietitian as well as a dish of the Azerbaijani and European cuisines.
Galaalti's water is used at treatment of a urolithic illness in various forms:

- it stimulates an expectoration of small stones and sand from kidneys and gallbladder to urinary and biliary tract
- it reduces a lithogenicity (tendency to formation of stones) of urine and bile,
- it normalizes a metabolism in an organism,
- it has an alkalizing effect on blood and urine,
- it reduces formation of uric acid and promotes its removal from an organism,
- it reduces acidity of gastric juice,
- it lowers permeability of cellular membranes,
- it reduces bleeding,
- it has anti-inflammatory effect,
- it increases dieresis,
- it removes surplus of liquid from an organism,
- it resumes protective forces of an organism,
- it promotes elimination of inflammatory processes,to removal of products of an exchange and toxic substances
- it prevents early aging

 

Qalaalti's water is unique both in structure, and on the physiological impact on a human body. Thanks to a low mineralization (to 0,78 g/l) and to the rich content of organic substances (8,35-23,8 mg/l).

 

 

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