When the Romans established the town in the 1st and 2nd centuries, they built a thermal bath, to take advantage of the healing properties of the waters, which are known to relax, increase immunity, soothe joints, and repair the signs of ageing on the skin. Archena is named after the Latin name for clay, arxila, and Elche Archena are a type of Iberian ceramics which used the rich local clay deposits to make distinctive pots.
Many important Roman artefacts were found during recent excavations, and are now housed in the town museum. Archena is located on a trade road heading inland from the coast, and over the years has had numerous military connections, with the waters being used to cure wounds from firearms, and even had a training school for tank drivers, using imported Soviet tanks, at the Balneario and Military Hospital during the Spanish Civil War. .
Archena’s geographical location next to Rio Segura (Segura River) is one of its strengths today, as it is surrounded by a protected natural landscape, with a mild sunny climate, making it an ideal location for a winter break.
The waters, in combination with the natural surroundings are known to improve general wellbeing, and are also used for relaxation, weight-loss, improvement of the immune system, anti-ageing treatments, post-surgical recovery and especially for treating joints and rheumatism. In July and August the pools are open until midnight, so that baths and treatments can be enjoyed under the stars.