Chianciano Terme (Italy)

January 18, 2018

The origins of Chianciano Terme are probably the oldest in the network, linked to the Etruscans, who by the beginning of the 5th century settled around the hot springs in the area. Filled with history, this town is today a reputed health centre in Europe, nestled amidst the splendid Tuscay's landscapes.

Deep in the Tuscany Region, only a few kilometres away from Florence and Siena, lies Chianciano Terme, rich in contrasts, history and healing mineral waters. On the top of a hill overlooking the Chiana valley is Chianciano Vecchia, the old Medieval town surrounded by defensive walls; while stretching along a hillside is the Terme, Chianchiano's modern quarter, totally developed around the hot springs and full of parks, cafés and hotels

Chianciano is one of Italy’s finest health resorts, welcoming more than a million visitor every year. Sometimes called the città del fegato sano ("city of the healthy liver"),it owes its reputation to the long-known properties of its waters but also to the large number of tourism and thermal infraestrutures available: a world of hotels and villas where to stay while enjoying the waters in the Fucoli and Acqua Santa spa parks,filled with wellness centres, medical baths and thermal pools.

Comune de Chianciano Terme

Pro Loco Chianciano Terme


Archaelogical works revelead that Chianchiano's springs were known by the Etruscan as early as in the beggining of the 5th century BC, when they built a temple dedicated to the god of Good Health. Many artifacts from those times can be seen today at the Civic Archaelogical Museum Delle Acque, including bronze votive statues from the temple and the most important collection of Etruscan canopies (cinerary jars in human shape) in the world, linked to the neighbouring necropolis.

The healing waters were very popular during the Roman period, when luxurious villas and thermal baths rose up where built in the area close to the spring. Famous Roman poet Horatio visited these baths in the 1st century, and word of his cure spread around the entire Empire.

In Middle Ages, the strategic location of Chianciano as part of of the Via Francígena, the main pilgrimage route connecting Canterbury (United Kingdom) and Rome, allowed Chianciano to develop sufficiently to have its own statutes by 1287.

It was only in the first decades of the 20 th century that the Terme area of the town began to be developed, although many of the new buildings were destroyed in 1940, and redeveloped again in the 1960s.

Because of its long history, Chianciano springs are surrounded by myths and legends.

The Sillene springs, for example, is named after the Etruscan goddess of beauty and the Moon, who, according to the lenged, used to hide and baths in this springs, after her protection.

Chianciano waters come from five different springs, each with different waters used to treat different conditions. Broadly, they are all rich in bicarbonate, sulphate and calcium, and are known for cleansing the liver and general detoxification, respiratory problems, metabolic disorders and treating kidney and urinary tract problems.

The Terme di Chianciano complex strechtes along the Spa parks of Acqua Santa and Fucoli and comprise a large number of water facilities, including a research institute studying liver and heart diseases and a rehabilitation centre.

Those seeking relaxation and wellbeing should visitn the new Sensory Spa at Terme di Chianciano, a dramatic blend of new architecture and the ancient thermal springs, with treatments based on the elements - water, fire, earth, air and ether, and specially designed themed sensory trails for detoxification, rebalancing, energising and relaxation. The new Theia pools are also very popular, were the opaque waters of the Sillene spring, and are anti-inflammatory and soothing for the skin.

Medical treatments in Terme di Chianciano cover a wide spectre of conditions, and are based on waters from 4 springs:

  • Acqua Santa, flowing at 33 ºC is used for hydropinic therapy(drinking cures), with purifying, detoxifying and stimulating action for metabolism, improving digestion.
  • Acqua Sillene waters, at 38.5 ºC are used for the preparation of thermal mud baths (clay is matured in the waters and heated to about 48 o C), an effective remedy used to boost circulation and cardiovascular problems.
  • Acqua Fucoli is a cold mineral water (16.5ºC) also used in hydropinics, indicated as an anti-inflammatory gastroduodenal mucosa. Rich in calcium, it helps to prevent osteoporosis.
  • Acqua Santissima is used for inhalations and aerosol therapy to treat respiratory problems.

Away from the centre there are also the Terme Sant'Elena, built upon Chianchiano's fifth spring. This famed carbonated mineral water flowing at 13ºC is used as a drinking cure to treat kidneys and urinary tract conditions, in addition to gastro-intestinal problems.

Most of the medical water treatments in Chianciano Terme are covered by the Italian National Health Service.

Main Springs

Ursprungsquelle, Brühquelle, Judenquelle, Ungemachquelle, Höllenquelle, Murquelle, Fettquelle, Kühler Brunnen, Armenbadquelle, Büttenquelle, Klosterquelle

Earliest known use of springs:


Hottest Spring

68.8 ºC

Chemical Elements

Sodium chloride with ithium, cesium, silica, boric acid manganese,magnesium and traces of cobalt, zinc and copper

Fountain at Piazza Italia, the heart of the modern Terme district

Chianciano's Civic Archaelogical Museum gathers an important collection of Etruscan and Romans finds which tell us about the long history of the spa town

Terme Sant'Elena

Acqua Santa, one of Chianciano's most famous spring

The new thermal Theia pools, filled with water from the Sillene spring, offer top wellness experience for the whole family